Cold weather health hazards include hypothermia and frostbite, as well as carbon monoxide poisoning and injuries from heat sources.
Hypothermia occurs when the body temperature falls below 95ºF. Frostbite refers to actual freezing and subsequent destruction of body tissue that is likely to occur any time skin temperature gets much below 32ºF. The areas most likely to freeze are toes, fingers, ears, cheeks and the tip of the nose.
Tips for staying warm and healthy in extreme cold weather include:
Cover your head. You lose as much as 50 percent of your body heat through your head. Wear several layers of lightweight, loose-fitting clothing. The air between the layers acts as insulation to keep you warmer. Cover your mouth with a scarf to protect lungs from direct cold air. Cover your ears and the lower part of your face, too.
Wear mittens rather than fingered gloves. The close contact of fingers helps to keep your hands warm.
Wear warm leg coverings and heavy socks, or two pairs of lightweight socks.
Wear waterproof boots or sturdy shoes to keep your feet warm and dry.
Help Fight the Alarming Number of Overdose Deaths in Cecil County
To eliminate the number of senseless deaths caused by overdose, Cecil County Health Department now offers training on the use of naloxone, a life-saving drug that can rapidly reverse an overdose resulting from opioid painkillers, such as Oxycontin or Percocet, or heroin.
After completion of training, participants receive a kit containing two doses of naloxone for use in event of an overdose emergency.
For more information or to see if you qualify, contact: Karl Webner, Overdose Prevention Coordinator 443-245-3785
What is Ebola? Ebola virus disease is a severe, often fatal, viral disease. For the most current information regarding Ebola and outbreaks caused by Ebola, visit http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/.
What are the symptoms of Ebola?
Ebola symptoms usually include fever. Other symptoms may include headache, diarrhea, vomiting, weakness, joint and muscle aches, stomach pain, lack of appetite and bleeding. The symptoms can be similar to other, more common, infections. Symptoms appear 2-21 days after exposure to the virus, but most commonly occur 8-10 days after exposure.
The CDC emphasizes that the United States has a strong health care system and Ebola poses little risk to the U.S. general population because the likelihood of spreading is very low.
Transmission is through direct contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person, which includes vomit, blood or diarrhea. Individuals who are not symptomatic are not contagious.
As a precaution, the CDC issued a reminder to doctors and healthcare workers in the U.S. to be alert for signs and symptoms of Ebola and as with any infectious disease, people showing symptoms such as fever, cough or vomiting should be isolated as soon as they come into a medical facility, and all staff who come into contact should be gloved, gowned and masked.
The latest information on the outbreak in West Africa can be found at the World Health Organization link here.
Click here for information on Ebola from the Centers for Disease Control.
Download the Ebola Fact Sheet from the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.
Enterovirus D-68 Confirmed in Maryland
The Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DHMH) has confirmed the presence of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) in Maryland. The virus, which has been associated with respiratory infections in children across the country, was identified in a specimen collected from a hospitalized child in suburban Maryland and was sent to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for confirmation.
The child was released from the hospital and is recovering.
Click here for the full press release. For more information about Enterovirus D-68 from the CDC, click here.
On the Road to Accreditation!
Cecil County Health Department is on an accreditation journey. Follow us on our path toward excellence in public health as we demonstrate accountability, transparency, and a commitment to long-term quality improvement.